Doctor's Blog

Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder of neuro pathology characterized by impaired social interaction & communication, by restricted and repetitive behaviour before a child is 3 years old. Autism is one among the 5 PDDs (Prevasive Develpomental Disorders) Boys are affected 3 to 4 times more than girls. 24.8 Millon people are affected with autism world wild.

Exact cause is not known. Risk factors include certain infections like Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, alcohol, cocaine etc usage during pregnancy, chromosomal abnormalities.


Symptoms include

• Social relationship
• Language
• Behaviour


Children with IQ less than 50, develop seizures before reaching adolescence. 70% of children have some degree of mental retardation.

About a 3rd to a half of individuals with autism have communication difficulty due to improper speech development.

Repetitive behaviour, such as hand flapping, head rolling, body rocking, hand biting, head banging, poking, stuborn, unvarying pattern of daily activities etc.


Diagnosis

• No specific medical test
• Based on behaviour, not cause or mechanis
• Preliminary investigations by taking developmental history & physical examination of child


Management

Treatments & training are given to increase quality of life & functional independence.


Autism

Ayurvedic View

Caused due to depletion of dhatus. Most of the activities of child indicate vitiated vata. Treatments are planed based on the signs & symptoms.

Vatanubandha Pitta chikitsa – Hyperactive

Vatanubandha Kapha chikitsa – Depressive

Unmada chikitsa, medhya ousadha, speech therapy, occupational therapy are helpful when done in the early stages.


Dr.Sreelakshmi Vijay, B.A.M.S